asc = ascent = to go up or climb.
dsc = descent = to move/fall downwards.
Results explained:
With a series of altitudes e.g. 10, 14, 17, 15, 11, 19
The ascent is 10...17 + 11...19 = 15
The descent is 17...11 = 6
The absolute elevation difference from the lowest point to the highest point would be 10...19 = 9 

Pace = Time, that takes to move one kilometer or mile with the current speed. (min/km or min/mi.)
Speed = Distance you can travel in one hour (km/h or mi/h, mph)

Energy consumption is measured in kilocalories (kcal). Average human daily consumption is around 2000 kcal. In "Calories" (kcal = 103 calories)

In Android
The eye icon shows you how many times your workout has been viewed by other users. 
You can't see who has viewed it. This feature is not very accurate.